Legislative Decree dated 13 May
(Gov. Gaz. 180, issue A, dated 3 June 1926)
Order of the Phoenix was established in 1926 to replace the previously
existing Order of George I (which was re-established in 1935 with
the restoration of the monarchy, only to be abolished once more
in 1975). The Order is named after the mythical bird, the Phoenix.
Until 1927 both Greeks and foreigners could be admitted into the
Order. When in 1927 the Constitution forbade the conferring of decorations
on Greek citizens, the Order continued to recognize the services
rendered by foreigners.
After the Restoration of the Monarchy in 1935 and in accordance
with the law of 19-4-1935 (Gov. Gaz. 170, A) the Order could once
again be conferred on Greek citizens.
Nowadays it is awarded to Greeks who have distinguished themselves
in the fields of public administration, science, arts and letters,
commerce, industry and shipping. It is also conferred on foreigners
who have contributed to improving Greece's stature abroad in the
The insignia of the Order of the Phoenix is cross-shaped. It is
made of white enamel and on the cross the mythical phoenix with
open wings is depicted in relief, rising out of the flames. The
phoenix is also depicted in relief in the centre of the star. The
reverse side of the cross bears the emblem of the Hellenic Republic.
The ribbon which accompanies the insignia is deep yellow with a
narrow black border on both edges.
Like the other Orders the Order of the Phoenix consists of five
classes: the Grand Cross, the Grand Commander, the Commander, the
Gold and Silver Cross.